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After a busy week of hedgerows, harvest mice and River’s Week planning, time to relax…with a Dormouse Box Check!

9am in the woods at Furnace Place Estate (FPE), I met with Margaret, Wendy, Alan Mary and Nigel from the Haslemere Natural History Society (HNHS) who have been checking the boxes with me for the last two years. They were very patient through year one when we caught absolutely nothing vertebrate- not even a wood mouse! We’ve been rewarded this year with four individual dormice –two each male/female. We caught a pair in May, snoozing in their bracken and birch-leaf nest. We hoped they would breed but no sign yet. In June we picked up another male and July another female. We are able to identify individuals by giving them an individual fur-clip (requires L2 licence from Natural England).

I’m back from the site now where we found one individual but unfortunately it was too quick for the surveyor. We use a “stuffer”-a duster- which goes in the hole in the box to prevent its occupants fleeing before it’s taken from the tree for processing. This sharp-eared dormouse must have heard us coming and was out before stuffer was..er…stuffed. Still, good to know the animals are still about even if we can’t know which of our animals that was.

The Hazel Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius is afforded the highest legal protection because of its declining UK population. It status as a European Protected Species (EPS) means that a licence is needed in order to survey and handle them. A Level 2 licence is needed to fur clip animals as part of a scientific study. Fur clipping helps us to identify individual animals and learn about their survival, breeding and dispersal (movement habits). This site will be registered as part of the National Dormouse Monitoring Programme run by Peoples Trust for Endangered Species so that our data can be used to keep track of the UK conservation status of these species.

 

49 dormice boxes at FPE set up in a grid pattern. By chance rather than by design the north-east tip of the grid eases out into more open habitat on Forestry Commission land (with their approval of course) which is regenerating woodland clear-fell. Of particular interest at this site is that all animals are being discovered in this habitat where birch, bramble and bracken dominates on very acid soils, and not in the oak-ash-hazel coppice woodland where the bulk of the boxes are. In fact we have caught nothing in two years in this habitat, not even a solitary wood-mouse. I’ve never come across this before in other sites I have monitored. Perhaps the dormice are hiding way up in the canopy and amongst the cavities and rot-holes in some rather splendid, rather tall oaks. Laughing.

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Oak/ash/hazel woodland with (44/50 boxes,  0 dormice)

 

<Pic of birch/bracken scrub to follow (5 boxes, 4 dormice)<

 

My own feeling is that the dark interior of this woodland provides less foraging opportunities than the scrub beyond. Studies from Europe show how Dormice respond very well to woodland management   opening up the canopy and letting light into encourage understory growth of brambles and shrubs (e.g. Ramakers_etal_2014; Juskaitis2008_CommonDormouse_pp90-93 ; Juskaitis2008_CommonDormouse_pp18-25). I don’t have the data to support this from our site however, and there continues to be a dearth of published studies in the UK since Morris/ Bright’s in the 1990s and therefore strong differences in opinion in what constitutes good woodland management with dormice in mind. Following the Forestry Commission’s Best Practice Guidelines is the current standard.

In the meantime however here are some pictures of dormice nests composed of bracken and birch leaves without a bit of honeysuckle in sight.

I’m very grateful to the The Barlow’s who own Furnace Place Estate for allowing Surrey Wildlife Trust to monitor these woods for Dormice in collaboration with NHNS who through their members Wendy and Allan Novelle, also dormice monitors, supplied the FPE project with boxes. Landowners, Communities and organisations like Surrey Wildlife Trust working together for the benefit of wildlife is an essential part of SWTs Living Landscape vision. Chris Packham claimed dormice were a “conservation con” a few years back to the outrage of the monitoring community, although I recall he was really just bemoaning the improbability of discovering one of these fascinating mammals in the normal process of being a naturalist. Its my hope that where schemes like these give people the chance to discover these sleepy characters in their own local woods along with other natural gems, a sense of value and pride can be fostered in local natural places, and a plan to invest in retaining them into the future can be drawn up.

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Some of the team from Haslemere Natural History Society earlier in the year with Mary Stuart-Jones (Surrey Dormouse Group etc etc)-Margaret and Alan Tomsett, John Rees (also Surrey Moth Group), Martyn Phylis (also Surrey Bat Group), Margaret Hibbard, Wendy Novelle (better picture coming soon!)

P1020068

Yours truly with the first dormouse at FPE captured May 22 2016

I’m a novice at moth trapping and have been meaning to get to grips with moths for some time now. I couldn’t resist the opportunity to provide a bit of entertainment for my nephew Tarn when his best friend  Ross came around for a sleepover on a sunny evening. Tarn’s house in Dorking is a quite sheltered and not much in the way of native species so I wasn’t expecting much but nestled into the Surrey Hills it’s not far from the woods.

Tarn and Ross too busy with Minecraft, my other nephew Fenn helped me set up the skinner box, paying particular attention to counting out and lining up the specimen pots. We turned the trap on and left it while we went back inside for the other highlight of the evening: Star Wars The Force Awakens on DVD!

The evenings moth “haul” began unconventionally with two white-tailed bumble bees that were nesting in a nearby nest box and two impressive cockchafer beetles! It wasn’t long before we were attracting some unidentifiable micro-moths though and then the first unmistakable vision of a Brimstone.

We caught 10 identifiably distinct species in all and I was able to put names to three- the Brimstone, Angle shades, and Shuttle Shaped Dart. The rest I’m working on, although if anyone has any ideas with some of the ones below help gratefully excepted (and even corrections if I’ve misidentified any).

But a great evening, and a good activity to continue through June as I attempt my #30dayswild challenge

 

HAre_JCrumley

“….what makes you think the Hare is done with night just because she kicked a badger in the ribs?”

Ever since the days when I thought I might be a druid, the Hare, along with the bear and the wolf, has been an animal of  power and magic in my imagination. This triptych is with me daily, three figures adorning my bookshelf, a wolf from the Schleich range of figurines; a brown bear sculpted from who-knows-what rock, a salmon in its jaws; and a hare. The hare is solid carnelian.

Brown-hare-female-boxing-male-during-courtship

Imagine the somersaults in my soul then, when on a unplanned sidestep into The Haslemere Bookstore, heading as I do straight for the nature and wildlife section just by the sales desk, I spy the form of a hare on the cover of a book. Not just any hare this, this is an orange and white poem in paint from the imagination of Carry Akroyd, one of my favourite nature artists. Following the hare I spy fox, barn owl and swan all in the same unmistakeable colours and patterns. As I pick up Hare my fingers delight in the hard spine and rough cover. This is something of substance, an appeal to all the senses as a good book should be. There might be a threshold of stimulation above which the mind dissolves, and suddenly I am aware that the author of this book, these books, is Jim Crumley, and it feels like a dam has been breached somewhere in my head.  My brain is so hot it may melt like butter. My cheeks start to sting a little. I feel like I have discovered a treasure hoard, half expect the glittering tail of Smaug the Magnificent to drop from the topmost shelf, backed up by his deadly dentistry. When nothing so dramatic happens, an impulse makes me turn to see if I have been discovered in this intimate moment of joy. I almost set my back to the shelves- this treasure discovered, I will fight all comers; this is too good to share. Instead I walk away as if nothing has happened, calm myself within the earhy logic of the gardening section, then quickly exit the store, £10 poorer but richer beyond my dreams as I slide the paper wrapped……book is such a poor word, this is a doorway…..into my bag.

Jim Crumley has written 30 books and you may imagine from my reaction I have read them all, but my only other encounter with the Scottish nature writer was with The Last Wolf he  But what an encounter! In that wonderful book, he told the story of the disappearance of the last wolf in a more or less conventional way through relating the facts of the case and embedding its demise- it’s supposed demise- in a historical context’ He points out how careful we should be about the claims of the killer when such an act could be clearly used for self-aggrandizement and political manoeuvring. Scattered through this interesting read, however,  the poet and visionary (dare I say druid?) is shape-shifted into that Last Wolf, and wandered through the glens and lochs that Crumley knows intimately. Through this powerful storytelling technique, despite my own reservations about the possibility of such a thing in the modern human-dominated landscape, I was one with Crumley in his instance that the wolf should be reintroduced to Scotland as an urgent imperative.

Encounters In the Wild

Hare is in a series of books called Encounters In the Wild which cover the Barn Owl, Fox and Swan. Each chapter is a different encounter with either (and in one encounter both) the Brown Hare Lepus europeaus and Mountain Hare Lepus lepus. From observations of interactions with fellow denizens of the field and wood in the lowlands, to an inexplicable and solitary quest for the peaks in the mountains, Crumley’s encounters with hares are bought to life through his impeccable attention to the details of how things are and what they do- what a scientist would call morphology and behaviour- shape-shifted with a storytellers heart.

This book is about the hare. There is a chapter about the UK current status of the hare and the appalling slaughter that we wreck on this ever-declining species in the name of sport- both through illegal hare coursing and through state-sponsored massacres in the form of grouse shoots. But Crumley weaves the hare’s tale so much with other animals and with the landscape that it all seems part of the same one thing. And here he is, watching and retelling this tale and it’s clear he is also part of that same magical pattern. But while we know on one level what hares are, we are still far away from fully understanding them, and this series of encounters walks the line of familiarity and mystery perfectly.

“..finally there was a blur of dark brown sodden fur between two clumps of heather, but then it stopped dead still. It could be anything-at-all……The anything at all trembled. The shape shifted. It became taller, developed ears, extraordinary brown and white and grey and black ears that flicked upright and scanned the wood and turned into the wind. To watch a hare reveal itself piecemeal as it both changes shape from low-lying horizontal to tall-sitting vertical and inches back and forward among different clumps of heather and skinny birch clumps is to bear witness to a kind of sorcery.”

Brown-hare-scratching-ear

Carry Akroyd’s art is a perfect complement to this book. Her work arises from the linocut tradition and is inspired by the wildlife and agricultural landscapes of the East of England, where Brown Hares still do well in decent numbers, and in particular by one of its most famous sons, the poet John Clare. For me it is a reminder of a youth spent at my Aunt, Uncle & Grandparent’s second home in Glinton, outside Peterborough- very near to Clare’s residence and Akroyd’s gallery at Helpston. It was a youth of ladybirds, walks along the edges of vast wheat fields, “hills and hollows” and Peakirk’s Wildfowl, where the sky was huge and forever blue and if you were lucky you would spot Hawker Harrier out from RAF Wittering. But for paralysing hayfever I would have spent more time rooting round rather than looking up at those planes: a story for another day.

As we approach the breeding season when Hares are easily seen in the day, I have been planning with Mammal Group, Wildlife Trust and SBIC colleagues to push on finding out where Hares still exist in Surrey. Watch out for an upcoming blog about a day out searching for them near Cranleigh, almost as far from the snow-covered slopes of Bidean nam Nian as you can be without leaving the mainland. I shall hold these encounters with me; for or an ecologist like me they are a reminder should I need one that looking is the beginning of learning and leads to understanding; but understanding is only part of the story. The head and heart are in one body for a reason.

One line I will also take with me:

“ I realised at this point that the Hare was not in site and neither the badger or I had seen it go.”

Badger and I are will be keeping a careful watch from now on.

 

Threeamigos

The Three Amigos (c) Catherine Burton

Forgive the long post but there was so much to say!

 

Last Saturday I was at an event that embodies the spirit of connectivity which has me so enthralled. It’s the fourth time I have attended the Surrey Recorders Meeting organised by the Surrey Biodiversity Records Centre (SBIC to its friends). I have been every year since I joined Surrey Wildlife Trust and one before, speaking on the Hedgerows for Dormice Project I ran at People’s Trust for Endangered Species. I enjoyed this meeting probably more than any other because I know so many more of my fellow recorders than I did when I first attended. This meet serves the recorder community best in that it provides a place to catch up on what others are doing, and make plans for the year ahead.

For me the talks are a form of call-to-arms; or perhaps a challenge. Here set out before me were stories from people engaging with the natural world in ways they find personally fulfilling, and in some cases the invitation there was to join in the fun. In terms of species work, have my work cut out for me as one of the county recorders for mammals, vice-chair of the Surrey Mammal Group and overseeing SWT’s Otter and Water Vole Recovery Project and the Surrey Harvest Mouse Project, and now training for my Bat Roost Visitor Licence with Surrey Bat Group. But I’m missing a whole world of other taxa! I have been slowly breaking into moths, and through setting up our RiverSearch Programme and working with Glen Skelton on Riverfly monitoring, I’m relearning the aquatic inverts from uni days. A couple of Recorders meetings back Graeme Lyons from Sussex Wildlife Trust talked about Pan-Species Listing and I have been recording everything I see since. Finding the time to learn is hard though, and also relies on a good memory and the ability to use these skills in the field. Still, who could be bored with the natural world on your doorstep. Put your boots on and go turn over some logs! Learn something new.

The talks were as usual, excellent. Simon Humphreys gave an interesting and informative account of the Veteran Tree Project at Dawcombe where he has been volunteer ranger for 30 years. It’s easy to see how important these trees are in our landscape they are a habitat in their own right supporting bats, lichens, fungi, and a host of important insects including the saproxylic guild. Soldier flies and their Allies is the most recent edition of the excellent and recommended series of Wildlife Atlases published by SBIC (Surrey Mammal Atlas due 2018 if all goes to plan!), and author and naturalist Jeremy Early gave a wonderful account of these Dipterans, so-named because of their brightly-coloured abdomens reminiscent of soldiers in the days before DPM camouflage. I met Gareth Hunt from Clandon Wood Burial Ground at a mini Bioblitz there a few years ago and he gave us an update today on plans for the site. The Burial Ground is designed to one day be the last resting place for 1000s of people, all buried in a low-impact, environmentally friendly fashion (maybe I’ll book a plot, although I do lean towards excarnation for my preferred means of discorporation after the Amercian First Nations fashion). In the mean-time the site bears species-rich hedgerows, semi-natural grassland and wetland features, and was the site of a rescued hedgehog release. With the help of hedgehog footprint tunnels loaned from the Surrey Mammal Group, Gareth tells me they are still there.

Jeremy

Jeremy Early: Robbers and their Allies (c) Catherine Burton

I could listen to Martin Angel talk all day, he has the smooth baritone of the best storytellers, and that he was recounting the exploits and discoveries of the Surrey Moth Group’s Royal and Bagmoor Commons Surveys was a further delight. I joined the moth group last year with the intention of starting to record at my home in Haslemere. I was even loaned a moth trap by my neighbour and always impeccably waist-coated John Rees but I was so busy with the new dormice checks on site my mothing was restricted to the Bioblitz event in June. So this was a wake up for me to begin mothing- especially with the potential to meet as exquisite a creature as the Merveille de Jour.

 

Merveille-du-Jour-Dichonia-aprilina_RST006443-_D3X1

Merveille du Jour Dichonia aprilina http://www.robertthomsonphotography.com

 

Our very own Glen Skelton gave an update on the RiverSearch Citizen Science Initiative, which is the backbone of SWTs Catchment-based Approach Work. Glen and I are about to undertake practical enhancement works with RS volunteers as part of our DEFRA-funded Catchment Partnership Action Fund Projects (more about that anon), so a good reminder of what the volunteers do when they are not up to their butts in water creating new fish habitat. When creating RiverSearch I was keen for it to be a platform for volunteers to record as much as they could on their 1km reach, as well as the key features related to water quality and ecology we needed them to record. If there was something they wanted to learn, we would facilitate training. Becoming a Riverfly training hub was an early addition and Glen now co-ordinates a growing list of local Riverfly groups which have already proved themselves in providing data to pursue point source and diffuse pollution incidents, and are now providing data to monitor the success of our CPAF projects. But another fantastic reason for attending the Recorders meeting is making new connections, and Lynn from the Surrey bat group pointed out our RS reaches are the same length as the Bat Conservation Trust Waterways survey, we hope to do some collaboration with both BCT and SBG on that for our volunteers. The last speaker of the day also offered us another opportunity. PondNet is reaching Surrey this year, and its coordinator in the south, Francesca Dunn from the Freshwater Habitats Trust (ex-Pond Life) talked about the project. They are looking for volunteers and ponds for them to survey, and SWT RiverSearch volunteers will be happy to help I am sure.

I haven’t mentioned here that I also gave a two-part talk which for the first part was announcing that there will be a Surrey State of Nature report produced in 2016, emerging from Surrey Nature Partnership ’s Biodiversity Working Group in Collaboration with SBIC and SWT. There was a national SoN produced in 2013 and also some county SoNs from Kent (2011) and Devon (2013). Behind this this piece of work is the lack of any true baseline from which to monitor changes, as a place from which to undertake an audit of Surrey’s Natural Capital, and therefore also to monitor success (or otherwise) in achieving SWTs goals of a Living Landscape. The second was a brief exploration of monitoring which really posed questions rather than answered them. Faced with a room full of people who are already recording species (some for longer than I have been alive) it was a daunting prospect to ask is what we are recording giving us the data we need to answer the questions we want. Fundamental to this is the goal set by Professor John Lawton in his Making Space for Nature report is the need for coherent and resilient ecosystems. Much of what we monitor is biodiversity-its abundance and distribution and although research into biodiversity and ecosystem function is stil relatively new, we should begin to incorporate what we do know into our monitoring systems. More on this- and my talk in full-in a later blog.

 

JIm

State of Nature (c) Catherine Burton

State of Nature (c) Catherine Burton

 

What is clear is that one ecosystem service provided by biodiversity is it brings so much joy to people, stimulates both the left hemisphere in our natural human urge to discover and understand and the right hemisphere in the creativity which it stimulates. How that supports our economy, how we value that is beyond my brain, but I suspect these behaviours occurred early in the evolution of Homo sapiens, and exercising them is as important as breathing.

Lunch gave us all the opportunity to catch up, share stories and make plans which some may say is the real heart of the recorders meeting, after which some rapid fire updates. One that sticks in mind was on the Oak Processionary Moth (OPM). This little critter is a non-native invasive species that has serious consequences for human health and the Forestry Commission and other agencies are on a mission to eradicate it. The hair of the OPMs caterpillar is toxic and a rash of cases of unexplained breathing difficulties around Richmond Park was traced to this hairy vector. The only management technique at present is location and eradication of the nests as early as possible. The caterpillar will also defoliate and kill the host tree. John Lock  was presenting early research into a possible natural enemy the Tachinid fly Carcelia iliaca.

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(c) Catherine Burton

With my Surrey Mammal Group Hat on I was also manning the SMG stand and asking people for Brown Hare and Water Vole sightings. We have some old sightings of Brown Hare in parts of Surrey but no new recent records so ahead of the Mammal Atlas we need a real push to update these. I’m overseeing a status update for the Water Vole in Surrey at SWT, spear-headed by Alex Learmont our Water Vole Conservation Officer. She coordinated 66 surveys last year (again with RS volunteers we trained up), all with no evidence of water voles. If you have seen either of these…or any mammals in surrey from the humble rabbit and fox up, you can submit records directly to SBIC here. Or if you prefer send to me at jim.jones@surreywt.org.uk

 

 

In Alistair’s review of the year, he recalled the passing of one of Surrey’s foremost recorders, Ray Tantrum. What Ray didn’t know about fungi was probably not worth knowing. I met Ray a number of times at SWT events like Bioblitz and I always told her I was going to come on one of her Fungal Forays. I will remember a warm and likeable person with an incredible knowledge and a wicked sense of humour. Shortly after her funeral a letter appeared about her life at SWT and, jaw dropping, I read tales of escapes from Nazis and a fondness for motorbikes. I wish had time to get to know her, but a stronger inspiration to embrace life I have not seen.

Thank to Alistair Kirk and Catherine Burton of SBIC for organising this event again. I think this year especially the need our support- who would have thought that in the midst of all this fantastic activity stimulated by a local record centre, supporting a community of dedicated and knowledge people, who are providing a health cheque for the nations’ environment free of charge, that Natural England have decided to cut funding to these fabulous places. I cannot see the sense. Support your local record centre.

I’m not a man to wish for the year to run away with me but when Alistair closed the meeting and bid us Adieu until Feb 2017, I was so excited about what that might hold. But on a sunny late winter morning, there is such expectation in the air as the natural world awakes (although as warm as it has been, it’s been a cat nap rather than a deep dreamy slumber). I am brimming to the top with ideas and excitement about discoveries yet to be made. And Im going to enjoy sharing them all with you too.

Feels a bit like being at the top of a roller-coaster just before it…drops….over…..the eeeeedge……

A very interesting and timely insight by Miles King into the views- and obvious disconnection- of our current Government on flooding , drainage and wildlife. Frightening

a new nature blog

Water_Vole_on_Boot_Hill_(5592665124)Those of us who believe that nature is important and that in order for nature to be better protected from the activities of people the best approach is to gather evidence, scientific evidence, analyse it, and present it to those in power, should heed this story.

Yesterday the Prime Minister attended the Liaison Committee, where he was questioned on a wide range of issues. The Liaison Committee comprises all the chairs of the Parliamentary Select Committees. So Neil Parish, new chair of the EFRA committee, and Devon farmer, was there, as was Labour’s Huw Irranca-Davies, new chair of the Environmental Audit Committee. You can watch the piece here from 17:22.

It was good to see Huw I-D give Cameron a hard time over the cuts in subsidies for renewable energy, though Cameron is an accomplished PR man and had the figures to hand, which he deployed. It’s a pity…

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